Indoor plants are not only a great way to decorate your home or office but create an environment of well-being. They don’t need lots of work and can often improve the quality of air in a room. However, not all plants like to live in a pot and not all plants like to live indoors. This guide will help you choose which indoor house plants to select and how to care for them.
What are the best indoor plants to buy?
The best indoor plants to select are those that enjoy a warm environment. These being evergreen ferns, shrubs, trees, or bushes from such plant families, such as:
- Mother-in-law’s tongue
There are also a variety of flowering plants that like the indoors, such as:
- Tuberous begonias
- African violets
What type of pot should I use?
Indoor pots come in many different materials such as terracotta, ceramic, earthenware clay, plastic, fiberclay, fibreglass, terrazzo, cement, metal tinware, and many more. But be warned, some surfaces such as terracotta and cement may be porous and can show watering marks. Indoor plants can also be placed in a pot with a drainage hole, as well as, a pot without a drainage hole.
Using a pot without a drainage hole allows you to just drop the plant straight into the pot. You can keep the plant in the plastic container you originally purchased it in, without needing to repot it. One of the upsides to this option is that you will have a large selection of flower arrangement pots to choose from, e.g. our Dan Pots. However, the downside of putting indoor plants in pots without a drainage hole is that they are often over watered and the roots may tend to rot because the water has nowhere to go – not so healthy for the plant. If you still have your plant in its original plastic pot, take it out of the arrangement pot when you water it, as this will allow airflow and excess water to be released.
Choose a pot that suits your interior colour scheme, but also take into account the weight of the pot because once you add soil and a plant, it may become too heavy to move around.
If you choose to put your indoor plant into a pot that does have a drainage hole, you can easily repot the plant without the worry of root rot. If you are repotting, usually the soil may have taken the shape of the pot, so when you repot your indoor plant into a pot, spread the roots a little with your hands before putting it into a pot. This will allow the roots to understand they are in a new space and can continue to grow. The downside to pots with a drainage hole is that if you over water, you will have spillage and often more spill than your pot plate can cope with. As well as this, your plant will grow and potentially need repotting into a larger pot.
Choose a pot that suits your interior colour scheme, but also take into account the weight of the pot because once you add soil and a plant, it may become too heavy to move around. Furthermore, consideration must be given to the size and height of the plant when it reaches maturity. If the pot is too small or large, this may affect growth.
If your plant is outgrowing the pot it is in or you want to report the plant into a decorative indoor pot, then there are a few simple rules to follow. Take the pot out of the existing pot, tease the roots, and repot it into the pot of your choice using premium-quality potting mixes appropriate to the types of plants being grown. Add in some soluble fertiliser and seaweed solution and water it well.
How do I care for my indoor plants?
All plants like plenty of light, so make sure you position your plants with this in mind. Keep plants away from heaters and windows that promote heat. In terms of temperature, air conditioning and heating can confuse plants, so be mindful of this during seasonal changes. Indoor plants enjoy the same temperatures that we do. A comfortable 20°C will see your indoor plants flourish.
All indoor plants are different, and the internal environment of each home can vary. Some plants such as a Dracaena prefer a dry environment, whilst tropical and evergreen plants will enjoy a humid environment. It is best to mist spray plants with a spray bottle if the room becomes dry easily because of heating or cooling.
Water & Feed
Water and feed are very important for plants. Try to work out how much water each pot and plant can bear so you don’t over-water your plants, this should be indicated on the tag that is attached to your pant when you purchase it. Don’t let the watering plate overflow and cause spills. If you are not sure when to water your plants, stick your finger into the pot and feel the soil. If the soil is dry, you should water. If you think you are overwatering, a tell-tale sign of this is when leaves become brown. Don’t let your plants drown or by overwatering them and letting them sit unnecessarily in water plates.
It’s also a good idea to feed your indoor plants using a slow-release liquid or water-soluble fertilizer and seaweed solution as well. Do this at least twice a year to keep your plant happy.
Bugs & Dust
Both bugs and dust can be your worst enemy for indoor plants. Use a spray mister or take them outside for a light wash regularly to avoid buildup. A good quality leafshine will not only enhance the look of the leaves but also keep most bugs at bay.
Indoor plants are not only attractive but are easy and enjoyable to maintain. The most important thing is to enjoy your indoor plant journey. If you don’t have a green thumb or the spare time to give to your new plants, then maybe indoor artificial trees and plants are the way to go. For more information on pots, read our helpful Ceramics FAQ page, or browse our fresh flowers and plants range on our website or instore at our Koch & Co Auburn superstore.